IUI stands for Intra Uterine Insemination. Performance: Through the cervix a very thin flexible catheter is threaded and then a washed sperm is directly injected into the uterus. The whole process doesn?t take very long. A process that maybe takes a couple of minutes (60-90 seconds for the catheter and then the sperm injection to be introduced and to remove the catheter another 60-90 seconds), usually required by it is the insertion of a speculum and later the catheter and it is done slowly to reduce the discomfort. A tenaculum is used to hold the cervix sometimes, when the cervix is hard to reach. This makes the process a bit more uncomfortable. Shown below is a typical Tomcat catheter.
Through a catheter when sperm are washed and placed into the uterus then that procedure is called IUI which stands for Intra Uterine Insemination. By masturbation, the male partner produces a semen sample. Separated from the prostaglandins, white blood cells, seminal plasma and other debris is the sperm which are filtered out during natural intercourse. Into the woman?s vagina a speculum is inserted and a catheter with an attached syringe which contains the washed sperm is inserted into the uterus through the cervix. The catheter and the speculum are removed when the specimen (prepared semen) is injected.